Toxoplasma gondii, an intracellular parasite belonging to the protozoae, is the globally occuring agent of toxoplasmosis. Toxoplasma is prevalent in many mammal species. Cats are the predominant hosts of the pathogen while humans are intermediate hosts. Toxoplasma is mainly transmitted by ingestion of oocysts via cat feces. In addition pathogens can be transmitted by raw meat and contaminated water. About 20% of the population is infected with toxoplasma, while only a small portion shows clinical manifestations. The symptoms of toxoplasmosis are very different. Typically for the disease is a general feeling of sickness, swelling of lymph nodes and muscle pain which can persist over months. Pregnant women should be very cautious, as Toxoplasma can infect the foetus via the placenta causing severe damages of brain, eyes and other organs.
The Immunolab Toxoplasma IgG and IgM ELISAs are quantitative and qualitative tests for the detection of human antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii in serum and plasma. The determination of specific IgM antibodies is important to detect acute infections while the IgG test is used to check the immune status.
Features of Immunolab ELISA kits: